Development and validation of VaxConcerns: A taxonomy of vaccine concerns and misinformation with Crowdsource-Viability


We present VaxConcerns, a taxonomy for vaccine concerns and misinformation. VaxConcerns is an easy-to-teach taxonomy of concerns and misinformation commonly found among online anti-vaccination media and is evaluated to produce high-quality data annotations among crowdsource workers, opening the potential adoption of the framework far beyond just academic or medical communities. The taxonomy shows high agreement among experts and outperforms existing taxonomies for vaccine concerns and misinformation when presented to non-expert users. Our proof-of-concept study on the changes in anti-vaccination content during the COVID-19 pandemic indicate impactful future use cases, such as longitudinal studies of the shift in vaccine concerns over time.